In August 2009, the President directed a broad-based interagency review of the U.S. export control system, with the goal of strengthening national security and the competitiveness of key U.S. manufacturing and technology sectors by focusing on current threats, as well as adapting to the changing economic and technological landscape. This review determined that the current export control system is overly complicated, contains too many redundancies, and, in trying to protect too much, diminishes our ability to focus our efforts on the most critical national security priorities.
As a result, the Administration launched the Export Control Reform Initiative (ECR Initiative), which will fundamentally reform the U.S. export control system. The ECR Initiative, which is not related to the President’s National Export Initiative, is designed to enhance U.S. national security and strengthen the United States’ ability to counter threats such as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
The Administration is implementing the reform in three phases. Phases I and II reconcile various definitions, regulations, and policies for export controls, all the while building toward Phase III, which will create a single control list, single licensing agency, unified information technology system, and enforcement coordination center.
For additional background information on ECR, please visit the ECR Library.
To make U.S goods competitive in world markets, while considering the national security and competitive issues regarding products being exported under these special licenses for controlled goods, the State Department is in the process of making select items easier to get licensed for export. Less sensitive or older generation of munitions related items available elsewhere from foreign suppliers are being moved to the Commerce Department for licensing. These items are being moved according to the ECR schedule from the US Munitions List to the Commerce Control List. Though still licensed, the time to obtain a license is greatly reduced as compared to more sensitive and more advanced goods that have national security concerns. That is because the scrutiny of the exports license under the Export Administration Regulations requires fewer agencies and departments’ input.
Dunlap-Stone University’s International Import-Export Institute offers over 60 online accredited courses and several undergraduate and graduate programs that educate to the current status of the ECR. Click here for more information
The GlobalWatch® Newsletter is a FREE bi-monthly publication published by the International Import-Export Institute at Dunlap-Stone University. As changes occur to the ECR or as issues arise regarding the Initiative’s implementation, they are reported in articles within GlobalWatch®